Ukraine considers the development of hydrogen energy as one of the key moments of decarbonization of the economy and technological renewal of the country. Fuel hydrogen is planned to be produced by electrolysis of energy fromNPPs and plants using renewable sources (RES).
Hydrogen is today considered as one of the basic factors for the transition to a new technological mode. And in this issue, each country is faced with the same questions: how to overcome technological barriers and the affordable hydrogen price, Yaroslav Demchenkov, Deputy Minister of Energy of Ukraine, said.
"We have prospects for obtaining hydrogen from electricity produced by RES. That is, the sun, wind, hydro ("green" hydrogen—). We have the opportunity to obtain hydrogen from natural gas—"blue" hydrogen. And we have a large capacity of nuclear generation... that is, "yellow" or "orange" hydrogen obtained from the electricity of the atom," the Deputy Minister explained.
It is in these areas that Ukraine is currently researching the possibilities of future hydrogen production.
Ukraine has significant opportunities for the development of the hydrogen market and integration into the European one:
- RES development potential—by 2030, the share of RES in the country is planned to be increased to 25%;
- nuclear generation potential—it is planned to modernize the existing NPP units and build new ones;
- potential for domestic production of natural gas.
"In this strategy, we will assess the potential for domestic consumption, production of hydrogen and the potential for... supplies of hydrogen primarily to Germany, because Germany has set very ambitious plans: to have a sufficient amount of hydrogen in its energy sector by 2030," Demchenkov said.
Hydrogen for domestic consumption is primarily the metallurgical and chemical industries, as well as the agricultural industry.
In terms of supplies, the use of the existing gas transmission system is considered as the most economically attractive way, especially when it comes to long-distance transportation.
In this vein, the question of assessing the gas transmission system also arises: what needs to be done in order for the GTS to be able to transmit hydrogen in mixtures of different concentrations with natural gas.
"Now is the era of strategies, regulatory control, technical assessment, certification, and standardization, the era of preparing pilot projects," Demchenkov concluded.