Around 23 million Ukrainians, or half the population, have been forced out of their homes since February 2022. These data were presented at the discussion "How Ukraine's economy survived through 2022" in the Center for Economic Strategy by Hanna Sakhno, a CES expert.
The UN estimates that three million of the displaced Ukrainians are those who have been forcibly deported to Russia or Belarus.
"The scale of the humanitarian crisis caused by Russian aggression in Ukraine is hard to fathom," says Hanna Sakhno.
Since February, 7.8 million Ukrainians have fled to EU countries to escape the Russian onslaught. Among all displaced Ukrainians in Europe, women with children constitute an overwhelming majority. In Poland, for example, they account for 90%.
Another 6.5 million Ukrainians have been forced to leave their homes and move to other Ukrainian regions since March. About half of them have been officially registered as internally displaced persons. Kyiv accommodated nearly half a million of them.
The International Organization for Migration estimated that approximately 5.9 Ukrainians could have or have returned to their cities or villages from abroad or inside Ukraine before December.
Polls show that up to 70% of internally displaced persons are determined to return home when it’s safe to do so, while 10% plan on staying in their new residences.
Of those Ukrainians who found refuge in the EU, 80% admit they miss home. At least two-thirds of them are going to come back home in the near future, once the war ends, or a bit later.