The projected sown area of the main spring crops for the 2022 harvest in the territory controlled by Ukraine is 5,990 thousand hectares, which is 1,689 thousand hectares less than last year.
As of March 23, 11 regions of Ukraine have started sowing.
All categories of farms sown 22,500 ha of spring wheat (forecast for 2022—157,400 ha), barley 74,800 ha (1036,500 ha), rapeseed 1,600 ha (23,900 ha), oats 15,200 ha (134,000 ha), pea 21,100 ha (172,200 ha), sugar beet 3,300 ha (201,900 ha), sunflower 2,200 ha (4,811,000 ha), soybeans 2,000 ha (1,041,400 ha).
Sowing of winter crops for grain for the 2022 harvest was carried out on an area of 7.7 million hectares, which is 0.4 million hectares more than in 2021, including:
- 6.5 million hectares were sown with wheat and triticale, which is 0.4 million hectares more than in 2021;
- rye — 159,000 hectares, or 34,000 hectares more;
- barley — 1 million hectares, which is 45,000 hectares more.
Sowing of winter rapeseed was carried out on an area of 1,024,000 hectares, which is 143,000 hectares more than in 2021.
"In Kherson, Odesa, Mykolaiv regions, in spite of everything, the sowing campaign has begun under Ukrainian flags," said Taras Vysotskyi, First Deputy Minister of Agrarian Policy.
He added that, given the situation in the country, a decrease in the area under crops of high-margin crops, namely sunflower and corn, is expected. However, the area under crops that are easier to produce, but important from the point of view of food security, will increase. First of all, these are pea, barley, and oats.
"There will be a shift from export-oriented crops to food crops for domestic consumption," Vysotskyi said.
According to him, over the Russian aggression, the area under crops in Ukraine may decrease by 30%, which will negatively affect the food security of countries that traditionally import Ukrainian agricultural products. This is about 100 million people in the countries of North Africa, the Middle East, and Southeast Asia.