On Wednesday, October 19, Russian president Vladimir Putin signed a decree to introduce martial law in the occupied Donetsk, Luhansk, Zaporizhzhia, and Kherson regions of Ukraine. He announced it during the meeting of the Security Council of Russia.
"To establish martial law on October 20, 2022, from 0:00 AM, in the territories of the "Donetsk People’s Republic", "Luhansk People’s Republic", Zaporizhzhia Region, and Kherson Region," Putin’s illegal decree reads.
The document provides for the application of measures provided for by the Federal Constitutional Law of the Russian Federation dated January 30, 2002, No. 1-FKZ "On Martial Law" during the period of "martial law".
Putin claims that martial law was in effect in these areas even before the start of a full-scale war, but now it will be approved in accordance with Russian legislation.
"Now we need to formalize this martial law within the framework of Russian legislation. Therefore, I signed a decree on the introduction of martial law in these four subjects of Russia," said Putin.
At the same time, he accused the Ukrainian authorities of not wanting to "recognize the will and choice of the people" and refusing to negotiate.
What measures does martial law involve under Russian law?
According to the legislation of the Russian Federation, the following measures are applied during the period of martial law:
- introduction of military censorship of mail and messages and control of telephone conversations;
- detention of citizens and vehicles for a maximum of 30 days;
- enhanced public security and protection of military and other crucial and special facilities;
- introduction of curfew;
- prohibition or restriction of exit from the region;
- use of mass media for defense purposes;
- personal inspection of citizens, their belongings, houses, and vehicles;
- seizure of property necessary for defense needs from organizations and citizens with a compensation for its value;
- involvement of citizens in the work for defense needs, the restoration of destroyed life support systems, and firefighting.