Ukrainian society has been demonstrating maximum cohesion for more than three months. This also applies to support for the actions of the state. In general, 68% of respondents rated the actions of the Ukrainian authorities since the beginning of Russia's war against Ukraine as effective. In addition, 72% consider the actions of the authorities in the field of military defense of the country from the aggressor to be effective.
This is stated in a study by Gradus Research on migration and socio-political sentiment during Russia's full-scale war against Ukraine, ordered by the European Commission and in partnership with the Center for Economic Recovery.
In particular, the cohesion of Ukrainians is noticeable in their attitude towards state institutions. The highest level of trust is typical for the Armed Forces and the President of Ukraine 3 they are trusted by 62% and 49% of respondents, respectively.
In December 2020, only 30% of respondents noted that they emotionally treat the president as a partner — they respect him, trust him, and feel his reliability. Today it is about half of the citizens. This means that the actions of state bodies are becoming more consistent, and Ukrainians are increasingly feeling the care of the state, since public trust is built on the "promise-competent execution" link.
With regards to economic regulation, 47% of respondents believe that the actions of the state in this field are effective. A slightly worse assessment of the actions of the authorities in the context of helping citizens who lost their jobs and income during the war — only a third (31%) rated these actions as effective; 44% consider them ineffective.
Money and access to jobs are the greatest needs of Ukrainians. In general, in Ukraine, 66% and 44% of respondents, respectively, feel them. The highest rates are among residents of the Eastern and Southern regions.
The situation is explained by the fact that these regions experienced the greatest negative impact and migration due to hostilities.
61% of the inhabitants of the east of the country left their homes fleeing war. And if, for example, 26% of Kyiv citizens and 19% of residents of the Northern region have already been able to return home, then for migrants from the Eastern region it is still impossible and unsafe, so more than half (55%) are still far from their permanent place of residence.
The willingness to return is high both among internally displaced persons and among those who were forced to go abroad. 83% of those who migrated within Ukraine tend to return home as soon as it becomes safe there, while 7% of respondents want to stay in a new place. At the same time, 39% of internally displaced persons declare that they have the opportunity to live in a new place, while 49% do not have such an opportunity.
The vast majority (73%) of those abroad seek to return to Ukraine as soon as possible, 12% want to stay in another country. With regard to the opportunity to stay abroad, 58% of respondents declare that they have such an opportunity, while 22% do not have it and will return home as soon as possible.
The poll was conducted by the research company Gradus Research using a self-filled questionnaire in a mobile application commissioned by the European Commission and in partnership with the Center for Economic Recovery. The Gradus online panel displays the population structure of cities with more than 50,000 inhabitants aged 18-60 by gender, size of settlement, and region. Study period: May 20 — 22, 2022. The sample size is 2,083 respondents.